All Things FinReg

The US Supreme Court ruled on May 16, 2024 that the funding structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB)—which is funded with money from the Federal Reserve rather than the US Congress—does not run afoul of the Appropriations Clause of the US Constitution. The Court’s decision reversed the Fifth Circuit’s ruling that the CFPB’s funding structure was unconstitutional and put a definitive end to the last pending wholesale challenge to the CFPB’s constitutionality.
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) on February 16 issued an internal process regulation—effective immediately upon publication in the Federal Register—updating and formalizing the steps that supervised institutions may take to appeal certain adverse supervisory findings and ratings. While there are minimal substantive changes, the regulation is informative in its acknowledgment of the significant centralization of authority under a single supervision director that the CFPB had previously not widely publicized.
The US Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) on January 29 proposed meaningful revisions to its rules and processes for reviewing proposed transactions involving national banks under the Bank Merger Act. The proposed amendments would notably remove the expedited application review process and associated OCC streamlined business combination application, replacing them with a policy statement that outlines the principles the OCC plans to use when evaluating merger applications, including a number of proposed indicia that support approval and, potentially, denial.
The die is cast: FINRA has published Regulatory Notice 24-02 (RN 24-02) announcing the effective dates and other key dates and considerations for its recently adopted Residential Supervisory Location (RSL) and Remote Inspection Pilot Program (Pilot Program) rulemakings, to be codified as FINRA Rules 3110.19 and 3110.18, respectively. Together, these rules will offer FINRA member firms additional flexibility in how they structure certain aspects of their supervisory system following the sunsetting of related COVID-19 relief.
On December 13, 2023, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted rule amendments (Treasury Clearing Rules) designed to improve risk management in clearance and settlement and to facilitate additional central clearing for the US treasury market.
At its next open meeting on December 13, 2023, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is expected to adopt rules (the Treasury Clearing Rules) to improve risk management in clearance and settlement and facilitate additional central clearing for the US treasury market. More specifically, the SEC is scheduled to consider whether to adopt amendments to the standards applicable to covered clearing agencies for US Treasury securities regarding their membership requirements and risk management.
Financial services is perhaps the most regulated industry in the world, and the intersection between financial services, technology, and law remains a complicated and evolving space. A team of Morgan Lewis lawyers recently attended the 2023 Money 20/20 conference and previewed some major themes and trends that the industry can expect in 2024.
On October 13, 2023, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted Rule 10c-1a requiring the reporting and dissemination of certain details regarding securities lending transactions.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) took another tepid step into the digital asset space on August 8, announcing that it has established a program to “enhance the supervision of novel activities conducted by banking organizations supervised” by the Federal Reserve. In addition, the Federal Reserve issued guidance explaining the supervisory nonobjection process for state member banks “seeking to engage in certain activities involving tokens denominated in national currencies and issued using distributed ledger technology or similar technologies to facilitate payments.”
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) continued the focus shown over the last several months, and especially since the March 2023 failure of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and associated events, by the federal banking agencies on uninsured deposits when it issued a Financial Institution Letter (FIL), Estimated Uninsured Deposits Reporting Expectations, on July 24, 2023.